Thursday, 11 September 2008

Great Telugu People - Final Part

Two days back i and my wife Sneha started reading about great telugu people.

Today i want to share final remaining few great people from andhra.

All these information i got from wikipedia only.

Few quotations i want to share with you about these great people.

1) Kandukuri Sivananda Murty is a well-known Indian scholar and a humanist with a wide following in India and in other countries, who writes about Indian heritage and culture, spirituality and philosophy. He has published many books and articles in newspapers and journals. He lives in his ashram Ananda Van in Bheemunipatnam, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Kandukuri Sivananda Murty was born on December 21, 1928 into a royal family of Urlam and Devadi Villages in Vizianagaram District of Andhra Pradesh.

His parents Sri Veerabasavaraju and Smt.Sarvamangala were great worshippers of Lord Shiva and built around 200 temples in His dedication. From his child hood days, he was deeply drawn towards spiritual subjects and especially towards Yoga sastra.

2) Potti Sreeramulu (16 March 1901-16 December 1952 and transliterated as Potti Sriramulu and Potti Sri ramulu) was an Indian revolutionary. He became famous for undertaking a fast-unto-death for achieving the state of Andhra and losing his life in the process. His sacrifice became instrumental in the linguistic re-organisation of states. He is revered as Amarajeevi (Immortal being) in Andhra Pradesh for his sacrifice. As a devout follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he worked life long to uphold principles such as truth and non-violence and objectives such as Harijan upliftment.

He was born to Guravayya and Mahalakshmamma on 16th March 1901 in house no. 165, Annapillai street, Chennai. His ancestors belonged to the Patamatapalle village of Nellore District. He belonged to the Arya Vysya caste known for trading. He studied in Madras until he attained the age of 20. Later, he studied Sanitary Engineering in the Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute in Bombay. He joined the Great Indian Peninsular Railway and worked for about four years there. After the death of his wife in 1927 when he was only 25, he lost interest in the material world and resigned from his job. He divided property between his brothers and mother and joined Sabarmati Ashram as a follower of Mahatma Gandhi.

In an effort to unify the Telugu people, and preserve the unique culture of Andhra and Telugus from the imposed Tamil hegemony on Dravidians at large, he attempted to force the government to listen to public demands for the unification of Andhra based on linguistic lines. He went on a lengthy fast, and only stopped when Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru promised to support unification. However, there was no movement on the issue for a long time. He started fasting again for attaining statehood for Andhra in Maharshi Bulusu Sambamurthy’s house in Madras on 19 October 1952. It started off without fanfare but steadily caught people’s imagination despite the disavowal of the fast by the Andhra Congress committee.

3) Srirangam Srinivasarao (Telugu)or Sri Sri (1910 January 2]-[1983], June 15th]) was a popular Modern Telugu Poet and Lyricist. He was born on January 2nd 1910 in a Telugu Brahmin family of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India. Srisri took the "telugu literary band wagon that travelled in roads of kings and queens in to that of muddy roads of common man"

Sri Sri was the first true modern Telugu poet to write about contemporary issues that affected day-to-day life of a common man in a style and metre which were not used in classical telugu poetry.

Sri Sri was famous as Mahakavi (literally - great poet).

He rocked the telugu literature world with his Maha Prasthanam (literally - a great journey), an anthology of poems -- one of his major works. Some other major works of Sri Sri include Maha Prasthanam, Siprali, Khadga Srushti.

He was the first person to be conferred with the prestigious Raja-Lakshmi Award in 1979 by Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation, Chennai.

4) Pingali Surana (16th century CE) was a Telugu poet and was one of the Astadiggajas (literally "eight elephants") in the court of the king Krishnadevaraya.

His exact birthplace is uncertain. It is believed that his ancestors were from Pingali village in the Krishna District. According to his works, he is believed to from a village called Nidumanuri Krishnaraya Samudramu, somewhere in the Kurnool or Nellore districts.

Surana's parents were Abbamamba (mother) and Amarana (father), scholars themselves. Surana dedicated a work to Nandyala Krishna Raju, a subject of the Vijayanagara Empire in Krishna District.It is now settled that he was from Kanala villae, near Nandyala, on Nandyala and Koilakuntla Road. There is his samadhi and also the potter community celebrates his Jayanthi year after year. There is an old orental High School in Kanala,which is said to be a legacy from Pingali Surana. Surana Sahithi Samithi, Nandyal is a literary organisation in existence for more than 25 years. Dr.Sahadevudu, a practicing doctor and Subrahmanya Sasthry, a retired teacher are, repectively the president and the secretary of the Samithi.

5) Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu b. 23 August 1872 – d. 20 May 1957) was an Indian politician and independence activist and the first Chief Minister of the Indian province that was to become Andhra Pradesh. He was also known as Andhra Kesari (literally, the Lion of Andhra).

He was born to Subbama and Venkata Narasimham, in a small village called Vinodarayuni Palem (or Vinoda Rayudu Palem) 26 km from Ongole in Andhra Pradesh . His ancestors were Karnam Brahmins (village officers) in the Tanguturu village under then Guntur District. When he was 11, his father died and his mother had to run a boarding house at Ongole, a profession that was looked down upon at the time.

During one of his visits to Madras on a court case, a barrister was impressed with his legal acumen and suggested that he become a barrister. As a second-grade pleader, Prakasam could not argue cases at higher courts as only barristers were allowed to do so. Prakasam took the idea to his heart and decided to go to England to pursue legal studies. It was considered a sacrilege to cross the seas during those days. However, as Mahatma Gandhi had done before him, Prakasam made a promise to his mother that he would abstain from eating non-vegetarian food, smoking and drinking. He reached England in 1904. In England, he joined the India Society and worked for the election of Dadabhai Naoroji to the House of Commons.

In his memory a new district called Prakasam District was formed on 2 February 1970 when Kasu Brahmananda Reddy was Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. It was carved out of three taluks of Guntur District, i.e. Addanki, Chirala and Ongole, four taluks of Nellore district, i.e. Kandukur, Kanigiri, Podili and Darsi and two taluks i.e. Markapur and Giddalur of Kurnool district. It is one of the nine coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh.

6) Garlapati Tenali Ramakrishna, popularly known as Tenali Rama and Vikata Kavi, was a court-poet of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 16th century CE. He one of the Ashtadiggajas who were patrons of Krishnadeva Raya and is also referred to as Tenali Raman in some parts of Southern India.

His family had originally hailed from Tumuluru near Tenali in Guntur District. He was also known as Tenali Ramalinga, a Shaiva name. It is believed that he later converted to Vaishnavism.

Some scholars dispute whether that he was a contemporary of Krishnadeva Raya. Tenali Ramakrishna's most famous work, Panduranga Mahatyam, is dedicated to Krishnadeva Raya's grandson; it is therefore possible that he was only a boy poet during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya (1509-1529). He was known for wit and a large volume of poetry written in the Telugu language.

Scholars treat his famous work Panduranga Mahatyam as one among the Pancha Kavyas, the five great books of Telugu Literature. He has dedicated Panduranga Mahatyam to Viruri Vedadri. This book is about the Pundarika Shetram on the banks of river Bhaimi and its legend. He also composed Udbhataradhya Charitram on the story of Udbhata, a monk, as well as Ghatikachala Mahatyam about Ghatikachalam, a place of worship for God Narasimha near Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

He followed the Prabhanda style. He took the theme for Panduranga Mahatyam from the Skanda Purana and enhanced it with many stories about the devotees of God Vittala.

He is noted for brilliance and wit and for mocking other poets and great personalities. He created a celebrated character called Nigama Sarma akka(sister of Nigama Sarma) and a story around her without giving her a name. He also had written many Chatuvu(extempore poems).

7) Tikkana (Telugu:1205-1288) was born into a family of Shaivite Brahmin litterateurs during the Golden Age of Kakatiya dynasty. He was the second poet of “Trinity of Poets (Kavi Trayam)” that translated Mahabharatamu into Telugu over a period of few centuries. Nannaya Bhattaraka was the first one and was also known as the First Poet (Aadi Kavi) who translated only 2.5 chapters- Aadi, Sabha and half of Aranya Parvams (chapters or books). Tikkana translated last 15 chapters, but didn’t touch the half-finished Aranya Parvamu. Telugu people had to wait for more than a century for the remaining half of the third chapter to be translated by Errana.

Tikkana is also called as Tikkana Somayaji as he has completed the Somayaga.

During the Shiva Kavi Period (see Shivakavi Trayamu, the Trinity of Shaivite Poets), new religions- Shaivism and Vaishnavism spread in Andhra, resulting in conflict among the two growing major religions and also the two major old religions- Buddhism and Jainism. At this juncture, Tikkana attempted to bring peace between warring Shaivism and Vaishnavism.

8) Thyagaraja (Telugu:May 4, 1767 - January 6, 1847) was a composer of Carnatic music, who along with his contemporaries Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri forms the trinity of Carnatic Music composers. He was a prolific artist and highly influential in the development of the South Indian classical music tradition. Tyagaraja composed hundreds of devotional songs, most of them in praise of the Hindu god Rama. His compositions are very popular even today. Five of his compositions called the 'five gems' (Pancharatna Krithis), are often sung in programs in honour of Tyagaraja.

Thyagaraja was born to Kakarla Ramabrahmam and his wife Seethamma in the small town of Thiruvarur in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu on May 4, 1767.

He was named Thyagaraja, after Lord Thyagaraja, the presiding deity of the temple at Thiruvarur. His maternal grandfather, Giriraja Kavi, at whose house in Tiruvarur Tyagaraja was born, was a poet-composer in the court of the king of Thanjavur. There is a composition by Thyagaraja which seems to be a pun on himself and Lord Ganesha. The first line says 'giriraja suta tanaya'. This can mean himself as he is the son of Giriraja's daughter. It can also mean Lord Ganesha as he is the son of the daughter of Giriraja (King of the mountains - Himavanta). The family was a pious Telugu-speaking smartha brahmin family of the Mulukanadu subsect. It is assumed that they must have migrated from Vijayanagara empire then, in present day Andhra Pradesh, and had settled in Thiruvaiyaru.
Tyagaraja was married at a young age to a lady named Parvatamma, who died shortly afterwards. Tyagaraja then married Kamalamba and they had a daughter named Seethalakshmi. Tyagaraja died on January 6, 1847.[2]

9) Vasireddy Sri Krishna shortly V.S.Krishna (b:October 8, 1902 - d:February 16, 1961) is famous Vice Chancellor of Andhra University in Visakhapatnam, India.

He was born to Sriramulu and Veeramma in Tenali taluq in Andhra Pradesh, India.

He studied in Oxford University, London in Economics and obtained his B.A. in 1929.

He joined Andhra University in 1932 as Lecturer in Economics. He did his Ph.D. from Vienna University in Gold Standardization. Later he joined back in the university as Warden, Registrar and head of newly established Economics department.

In 1949, he was elected as Vice chancellor[1] by the university senate. He held this position for 11 years till 1961 and worked hard in the various developmental activities of the university. He developed the university library which was later named as Dr.V.S.Krisha Memorial Library.

In 1957, he was elected as president of Inter University Board of India. He was the chairman of University Grants Commission (India) in 1961 and passed away during the same period.

10) Kandukuri Veeresalingam (also known as Kandukuri Veeresalingham Pantulu), (16 April 1848 - 27 May 1919) was a social reformer of Andhra Pradesh. He was born in an orthodox Andhra family. He is widely considered as the man who first brought about a renaissance in Telugu people and Telugu literature. He was influenced by the ideals of Brahmo Samaj particularly those of Keshub Chunder Sen. He got involved in the cause of social reforms. In 1876 he started a Telugu journal and wrote the first prose for women. He encouraged education for women, and started a school in Dowlaiswaram in 1874. He started a social organisation called Hitakarini (Benefactor).

Son of Subbarayudu and Punnamma, he was born on 16th April 1848 at Rajahmundry (now in Andhra Pradesh). When he was six months old, he suffered an attack of small pox, a killer disease in those days, but he survived. His father died when he was four years old and he was adopted and brought up by his paternal uncle, Venkataratnam, as his own son.

11) Velagapudi Ramakrishna was an Indian Civil Service (ICS) officer, industrialist, and philanthropist. He started the KCP (Krishna Commercial Products)group of companies in 1941 with a co-operative sugar factory in Andhra Pradesh [2]. His pioneering industrializing efforts in the erstwhile Madras State are commendable.

Ramakrishna was born in 1896 in the village Bellamvaripalem (Nagaram mandal, near Repalle ) in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India. He studied at Oxford University and acquired B.Sc. and M.A. degrees. His father (pre-adoption surname: Katragadda) originally came from Tellapadu, Maddipadu Mandal, in Prakasam District.

He was survived by two sons and a daughter: V. Maruthi Rao, V. Lakshmana Dutt, and Rajeshwari Ramakrishnan.

Ramakrishna's second son, V.L. Dutt, a past chairman of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI),is the current chairman and managing director of KCP Limited. His wife, Indira Dutt, is a daughter of the Raja of Muktyala and the President of the World Telugu Federation.

Ramakrishna's daughter, Smt. Rajeswari Ramakrishnan, is the managing director of Jeypore Sugar Company Limited. Her son R. Prabhu is the Congress MP from the Nilgiris (Ooty), Tamil Nadu, a five-term Member of Parliament and a former Union minister in India.

The Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College, near Vijayawada has been posthumously named after him.

He also funded the VSR & NVR College in Tenali and the Sri Velagapudi Ramakrishna Memorial College in Nagaram, Guntur district.

The Andhra Chamber of Commerce building in Chennai has also been named after Velagapudi Ramakrishna.

12) Vemana (Telugu:) was a Telugu poet. He composed numerous poems in Telugu in Aata Veladhi metre which consists of four lines; the fourth line, with some exceptions, is the refrain or chorus Viswadabhirama Vinura Vema. Vemana's style is simple, his poems deal with social problems and sometimes propose solutions too. With the zeal of a social reformer, many of his poems criticise and strive to give fresh perspective to ardent followers of old, embedded traditions. Vemana is often portrayed in the nude.

Basically Vemana was a Yogi. He disseminated his philosophy in simple Telugu verses. And he is very famous in Telugu literature, relatively very less is known about the actual poet.

Vemana was from Kapu social group having the title 'Reddy'. He was a native of Kadapa district and believed to have lived in Gandikota area. He was born at Mugachintapalli. Later he moved to Kondaveedu to learn Achala Yoga from Lambika Shiva Yogi. He wandered most of the southern India to propagate his Achala Philosophy through verses. At the end of his life, he settled in Katarlapalli near to Kadiri.

Scholars do not unanimously agree about the period in which he lived. C.P. Brown, who did extensive work on Vemana in his preface to the English translation Verses of Vemana, states that the date of birth from his 707th verse is Vemana's date of birth. But it is not clear. This cyclical date of Hindu calendar coincides with 1352 or 1412 or 1472. Brown also wrote that the verses of Vemana were 400 years older in his preface of the book 'Vemana padyalu'. So it is inferred that he was born in the year of 1352. He denied the false religious systems and blind beliefs. He discouraged idol worships. He preached universal brotherhood. He is not Advaitin. He refuted the theories of Dwaita and Visisthadvaita also. He was a great Achala yogi.

The Andhra Pradesh government established a University in Cuddapah in his name Yogi Vemana University. The university construction has been started and going in full pace to start its operations by 2008.

13) Pingali Venkayya (August 2, 1876 - July 4, 1963) was the designer of the Indian national flag. He was born in Bhatlapenumarru, near Masulipatnam or the present day Machilipatnam of Andhra Pradesh, India to Hanumantharayudu and Venkataratnamma. After high school at Machlipatnam, he went to Colombo to complete his Senior Cambridge. On returning to India, he worked as a railway guard, then as a government employee at Bellary, and later moved to Lahore to join the Anglo-Vedic college to study Urdu and Japanese.

Pingali Venkaiah was a precocious child. After finishing his primary education at Challapalli and school at the Hindu High School, Masulipatnam, he went to Colombo to complete his Senior Cambridge. He enlisted himself for the Boer war at 19. While in Africa he met Gandhi. On his return to India he worked as a railway guard at Bangalore and Madras and subsequently joined the government service as the plague officer at Bellary. His patriotic zeal, however, did not permit him to stagnate in a permanent job, and his quest for education took him to Lahore where he joined the Anglo-Vedic College, and learnt Japanese and Urdu.He was called 'japan venkayya' He studied Japanese and history under Prof Gote.

Pingali Venkayya, the designer of the national flag died, unhonoured on July 4, 1963, in conditions of poverty. There is not even a memorial in his hometown Machilipatnam to the man who made such an important contribution to the nation.His last wish was that after his death his body should be covered with the Indian National Flag and taken till the burrial ground and then that flag should be tied to a green Tree.

14) Kasinadhuni Viswanath, popularly known as K. Vishwanath, is an acclaimed Telugu film director whose contributions have been significant to Indian films through the Telugu film industry.

Viswanath is born to Kasinadhuni Subrahmanyam and Kasinadhuni Saraswatamma.He hails from Peddapulivarru, near Tenali.

He began his career as a technician in a studio at Chennai and later assisted Mr. Adurti Subba Rao in direction.[1]He also worked as an assistant to director Ramnoth.[2] He also wished to work as an assistant to K. Balachander and Bapu. [3] He debuted as a director with Aatma Gowravam, which starred Akkineni Nageswara Rao. However, his full prowess in film-making flowered with a subsequent film called Siri Siri Muvva.

His films used to tackle the relevance and influence of Indian music/culture/art in the modern era. Films in this mould include Sankarabharanam ('Shankara's Ornament'). He made a series of such classical oriented movies all showcasing the bliss in Indian art forms. The list includes Saagara Sangamam ('A Tryst With Infinity'), Sruthi Layalu, Sirivennela ('Golden Moonlight'), Swarnakamalam ('Golden Lotus'), and Swathi Kiranam ('A Ray of Talent').

He also made significant contributions on the social front with films like Saptapadi ('The seven Steps', signifying the sanctity of the Hindu marriage system), Swathi Muthyam ('Pure Pearl'), Swayam Krushi ("Attitude Towards Work" — conveying the message that dilligence and dedication is indispensable in achieving success), Subhodayam ('Good Morning'), Subhalekha ('Wedding Invitation' — a critique of the dowry system), Aapadhbhaandhavudu ('Savior'), and Subha Sankalpam ('Good Will').

Swathi Muthyam was India's official entry to the Oscars in 1986. Viswanath was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India for his contributions to Indian film.

15) Errana was a great Telugu poet in the court of Prolaya Vemareddy (1325-1353), the founder of Reddy dynasty (1325-1424) of Kondaveedu, who ruled Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore, and Kurnool districts of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Errana was also known as Yellapregada or Errapregada. He was honored with the title Prabandha Parameshwara (the supreme lord of Prabandha) and Shambudasusu.

Errana was born in Gudluru village in Pakanadu and lived in Chadalawada. He belonged to Srivatsa gotram and Apastambha sutram of the Brahmin caste. His father was Surana and mother was Pothama. His grandfather was Errapothana whose name was given to him and his grandmother was Perama. His great-grandparents were Bolana and Polama and his great-great-grandfather was Bhimana. His family religion was Aradhya Shaivism. His teacher was Srisankaraswamy, an orthodox Shaiva. Although Errana was a devotee of Lord Shiva and his family was Shaiva family, he worshipped Lord Vishnu also.

The Sanskrit Mahabharatamu was translated into Telugu over a period of several centuries (11th to 14th centuries AD). Errana was one of the kavitrayam (the trinity of poets) who translated Mahabharatamu . The other two poets were Nannaya and Tikkana. Nannaya translated two and a half parvamulu (books) of Mahabharatamu. Tikkana translated the remaining books starting from the 4th, leaving the half finished third book, Aranya Parvamu (the Book of Forest), for Errana. Tikkana did not touch this part because it was considered to be inauspicious to translate this book, which was left half-finished by Nannaya. Errana started the remaining half of the Aranya Parvamu with the style of Nannaya and ended it with the style of Tikkana as a bridge between the parts translated by Nannaya and Tikkana. Just like Nannaya and Tikkana, he used half Sanskrit and half Telugu in his Telugu translation of Sanskrit Mahabharatamu. He translated Harivamsamu and Ramayanamu from Sanskrit and dedicated to king Prolaya Vemareddy. Nrisimhapuranamu was his own independent work. Errana got his inspiration for Nrisimhapuranam from his grandfather Errapotana. According to legend, one day when Errana was meditating, his grandfather appeared and advised him to write Nrisimhapuranamu. This work was based on Brahmandapuranamu and Vishnupuranamu.

16) Sarvepalli Gopal (23 April 1923 – 20 April 2002) was a well known Indian historian.

He was the son of Dr. S.Radhakrishnan, India's second President.

He completed his graduation at Presidency College, Madras, and D.Phil. in Indian history at Oxford University. He was a Director in the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, and worked closely with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Subsequently, he was a Reader in Indian History at St. Antony's College, Oxford. When the new Jawaharlal Nehru University was founded by then Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, he was appointed as a Professor of History at the Centre for Historical Studies, which he helped in setting up. He was also Chairman of the National Book Trust, New Delhi in the 1970s.

He remained at the forefront of the anti-communal struggle through the 1960s and 1970s and then again after the rise of the BJP to power in the 1990s.

In 1999 he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan for his contributions to Indian history.

Some of his works include a three-volume biography of Jawaharlal Nehru, biography of his father, Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, and British Policy in India (1858 – 1905), which was based on his Oxford D.Phil. thesis.

17) P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar (1863-1931) was an Indian historian, linguist and educationist regarded as one of the greatest Dravidologists of the 20th century.

Srinivasa Iyengar served as the Principal of A. V. N. College, Visakhapatnam during the first two decades of the twentieth century.[1] He campaigned to bring changes in the curriculum and introduce spoken dialects. In 1909, he created a Telugu teaching Reform society in order to cultivate vernacular Telugu.[2][3] In 1911, P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar published a textbook of arithmetic called Longman's Arithmethikkulu in modern Telugu.[4] In April 1913, when Madras University appointed a Committee to examine and advise them on the style to be adopted for the Telugu composition of the Intermediate Course which replaced the earlier F.A., srinivasa Iyengar was appointed one of the ten members. [4]

He was serving as Principal and Professor of English at Rajahmundry Training College, when he was appointed Reader of Indiann History and archaeology with fellow Indologists Dr. S. Krishnaswamy Aiyangar and V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar as the sole Professor and Lecturer respectively. He probably served as Reader till his death in 1931.

18) Kalluri Chandramouli was a freedom fighter, philanthropist, scholar and a great devotee of Lord Rama, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, south India.

Chandramouli was born on November 15, 1898 in a village Moparru, Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. He was educated in Scotland and acquired a post-graduate degree in agriculture. Upon his return to India he joined the freedom movement in 1926 relinquishing the government job. As a member of Indian National Congress he became president of Guntur district congress committee. He was imprisoned several times by the British government. He was elected as a member of the legislative assemblies of Madras province in 1937 and 1946, Andhra in 1955 and Andhra Pradesh in 1962.

19) Damodaram Sanjivayya (b. 14 February 1921 - d. 8 May 1972) was the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, India from 11 January 1960 to 12 March 1962.

He was born in Kurnool district and took a bachelor degree in law from Madras Law College. Even as a student, he actively participated in the Indian freedom movement.

He was Minister in the composite Madras State. He was the member of the provisional parliament 1950-52. In 1962, Sanjivayya also became the first dalit leader from Andhra Pradesh to become All India Congress Committee president.

He was Minister of Labour and Employment under Lal Bahadur Shastry between 9 June 1964 and 23 January 1966.[4]

A beautiful park, Sanjeevaiah park along the banks of Hussain Sagar in Hyderabad was named in his honor.

20) Yellapragada Subbarao (January 12, 1895-August 9, 1948) remains in the views of many the most notable medical scientist to emerge from India. He was born in a very poor family in Bhimavaram of the Old Madras Presidency, now in West Godavary Dt., Andhra Pradesh. He passed through a traumatic period in his schooling at Rajahmundry (premature death of close relations by disease) and could eventually matriculate in his third attempt from the Hindu High School, Madras. He passed the Intermediate Examination from the Presidency College and entered the Madras Medical College, where his education was supported by friends and Kasturi Suryanarayana Murthy, whose daughter he later married. Following Gandhiji's call to boycott British goods he started wearing khadi surgical dress; this incurred the displeasure of M. C. Bradfield, his surgery professor. Consequently, though he did well in the written papers, he was awarded the lesser LMS certificate and not the full MBBS degree.

Subbarow tried to enter the Madras Medical Service without success. He then took up a job as Lecturer in Anatomy at Dr. Lakshmipathi's Ayurvedic College at Madras. He was fascinated by the healing powers of Ayurvedic medicines and began to engage in research to put Ayurveda on a modern footing.

21) Gottipati Brahmaiah (December 3, 1889 - 1984) was a freedom fighter, popularly known as Ryotu Pedda (Leader of Farmers). He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1982.

Born in Ghantasala (Divi Taluka of Krishna district) in Andhra Pradesh, India; he was educated at Noble High School, Machilipatnam, he organized the library movement and the adult education movement in 1917. He was also the President of District Congress Committee during 1922-1923. He was the founder of the Khadi Consumers' and Producers' Society at Ghantasala and became President of Krishna Khadi Board during 1923-1929.

22) Dr. Shobha Naidu is among the foremost Kuchipudi dancers of India and an outstanding disciple of the renowned master Vempati Chinna Satyam. She mastered the technique of Kuchipudi and began dancing lead roles in dance-dramas while still very young. She has performed with her guru's troupe all over the country and abroad, excelling in the roles of Satyabhama and Padmavati. She is also an excellent solo dancer.Principal of Kuchipudi Art Academy, Hyderabad, Sobha Naidu has been imparting training to younger students over the past few years. She has also choreographed several dance-dramas. She has received the title of Nritya Choodamani from Krishna Gana Sabha, Madras.

23) Sania Mirza (born November 15, 1986) is an Indian tennis player. She was born in Mumbai, brought up in Hyderabad. Coached by her father, Imran Mirza, (as well as her other family members) she began playing tennis at the age of six, turning professional in 2003. She is the highest ranked female tennis player ever from India, with a career high ranking of 27 in singles and 18 in doubles. She was ranked 91st in the singles category and 44th in the doubles category in the WTA rankings of Sept 8, 2008.

24) Sathya Sai Baba was born as Sathyanarayana Raju on November 23, 1926 — or later than 1927 — with the family name of "Ratnakaram", and is a South Indian guru, religious leader, orator and described by his followers - not uncontroversially - as a Godman and a miracle worker.

According to the Sathya Sai Organization there are an estimated 1,200 Sathya Sai Baba Centers in 114 countries world-wide. The number of Sathya Sai Baba adherents is estimated sometimes as around 6 million, and followers cite "50 to 100 million." He is considered by his followers to be an avatar and the reincarnation of the saint Sai Baba of Shirdi.

Sathyanarayana Raju was born to Peddavenkama Raju and Eswaramma in a poor agrarian family in the remote village of Puttaparthi, located in Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh. He was given the name Sathya Narayana Raju. It is believed that instruments played on their own accord in his household. An official four-volume biography, called a hagiography by the Daily Telegraph, was written by Prof. Narayana Kasturi in which he reported that Easwaramma found herself pregnant after dreaming of the Hindu Lord Sathyanarayana Swamy and after a huge sphere of blue light rolled in and made her faint. According to Kasturi, a cobra was found in the bedclothes of the baby shortly after Sathya Sai Baba was born which has led to his being identified as the Lord of Serpents, Shesha. However, the Hollywood screenwriter Arnold Schulman contradicts this story by reporting that Sai Baba's sister denied the presence of a cobra and that "the cobra was not found under the blanket, but several hours after Baba was born a cobra was seen outside the house." He also affirms that "for any episode of Baba's childhood, there are countless contrasting versions and, at this point, the author discovered that it was no longer possible to separate the facts from the legend". The young Sathyanarayana was a vegetarian and was known for his aversion to animal cruelty and for his compassion for the poor, disabled and elderly. According to Kasturi and to Sathya Sai Baba himself, the young Sathya composed bhajans spontaneously (even as young as eight years of age).

In 1960, Sathya Sai Baba said that he would be in this mortal Human form for another 59 years. According to a 1984 book, Sathya Sai Baba said that "In this body I will not become old or infirm as in my old body." In 2003 Michael Goldstein, an official of the Sathya Sai Organisation, reported that Baba had suffered an accident that injured his hip. As of 2005, Sathya Sai Baba sometimes uses a wheelchair.

In 1960, Sathya Sai Baba said that he would be in this mortal Human form for another 59 years. According to a 1984 book, Sathya Sai Baba said that "In this body I will not become old or infirm as in my old body." In 2003 Michael Goldstein, an official of the Sathya Sai Organisation, reported that Baba had suffered an accident that injured his hip. As of 2005, Sathya Sai Baba sometimes uses a wheelchair.

Sathya Sai Baba is a prolific orator about religious topics in his native language Telugu, and he is regarded by some as an excellent speaker. He asserted that he is an avatar of God in whom all names and forms ascribed by man to God are manifest. He also says that everybody else is God and that the difference is that he is aware of this and others have yet to realize it, which is consistent with advaita vedanta, including modern teachers such as Ramana Maharshi and Nisargadatta Maharaj.

The Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning in Prashanti Nilayam is the only college in India to have received an "A++" rating by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (an autonomous body established by the University Grants Commission).Besides this institute, there is also an Institute of Music and an Institute of Higher Learning in Anantapur, which is a women's college.

The Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences in Puttaparthi (also known as the Super Specialty Hospital) is a 220 bed facility providing advanced surgical and medical care free of cost to the public. It is situated 6 kilometers from the guru's ashram and was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Narasimha Rao on November 22 1991 and was designed by the Prince of Wales's architectural adviser, Keith Critchlow The Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences in Bangalore is a 333 bed facility with advanced operation theatres, ICUs and CCUs meant to benefit the poor. The hospital was inaugurated on January 19 2001 by the then Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.Other eminent participants were Abdul Kalam, Michael Nobel (grandson of Alfred Nobel), Noah Samara and Anji Reddy.The hospital has served 250,000 patients, free of cost, from January 2001 to April 2004.

1 comment:

sneha prashant said...

Excellent Prashant, came to know about many great telugu people. Thank you very much.